《FPGA Verilog篇》Part 1 跑马灯例程的实现方法锦集

Part 1 跑马灯例程的实现方法锦集                                                                                                                                                            

硬软件配置:
// Engineer: Test202_Led10flash_DEO_xxx
/// Create Date:    2016/3/12
// Module Name:   Led10flash_DEO_xxx
// Project Name:    Led10flash_DEO_xxx
// Target Devices: CycloneIII EP3C16F484C6N
// Tool versions: Quartus 11.0+Modelsim SE12.0
// Additional Comments: 25_000_000;
1、方法一:链接符移位操作实现跑马灯,源代码:
//方法一:连接符移位操作实现跑马灯,在DEO上跑通//
module Led10flash_DEO_shift(clk,rstn,led);
input clk, rstn;
output[9:0] led;
reg[18:0] count;
reg[7:0] cnt;
//50MHz,20ns,20*500_000=10ms,2^19  count=[18:0]
parameter dely1ms=500_000;

always @(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin 
		if(!rstn) begin	count<=18'd0;end
	else if(count==dely1ms) begin count<=16'd0; end
	else begin count<=count+1'd1;end
end

always @(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin
	if(!rstn) begin  cnt<=0;end
	else if(cnt==9) begin cnt<=0;end
	else if(count==dely1ms) begin cnt<=cnt+1'd1;end	
	
end
//移位操作实现跑马灯
reg[9:0] shiftR;

always @(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin
	if(!rstn) begin shiftR<=9'h01;end//初始化为9'h01很重要
	else if(cnt==9) begin shiftR<={shiftR[0],shiftR[9:1]};end
	else begin shiftR<=shiftR;end
end

assign led=shiftR;
endmodule

2、方法二:移位运算符实现跑马灯,源代码:
module Led10flash_DEO_Operator(clk,rstn,led);
input clk, rstn;
output[9:0] led;
reg[18:0] count;
reg[7:0] cnt;
//50MHz,20ns,20*500_000=10ms,2^19  count=[18:0]
parameter dely1ms=500_000;

always @(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin 
		if(!rstn) begin	count<=18'd0;end
	else if(count==dely1ms) begin count<=16'd0; end
	else begin count<=count+1'd1;end
end

always @(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin
	if(!rstn) begin  cnt<=0;end
	else if(cnt==9) begin cnt<=0;end
	else if(count==dely1ms) begin cnt<=cnt+1'd1;end	
	
end
//移位实现跑马灯
reg[9:0] shiftL;

always @(posedge clk)
begin 
	if(!rstn)begin shiftL<=9'h01;end
		else if(cnt==9)begin shiftL<={shiftL<<1};end//移位运算符
		else if(shiftL==10'h400)begin shiftL<=10'h01;end
		//end
	else begin
		shiftL<=shiftL;
		end
	
end

assign led=shiftL;
endmodule

3、方法三:case语句实现跑马灯,源代码:
module Led10flash_DEO_case(clk,rstn,led);
input clk,rstn;
output[9:0] led;
//reg[9:0] led;
//50MHz,20ns,20*500_000=10ms,2^19  count=[18:0]
parameter dely1ms=500_000;
reg[18:0] count;
reg[3:0] cnt;

always @(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin 
		if(!rstn) begin	count<=18'd0;end
	else if(count==dely1ms) begin count<=16'd0; end
	else begin count<=count+1'd1;end
end

always @(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin
	if(!rstn) begin  cnt<=0;end
	else if(cnt==9) begin cnt<=0;end
	else if(count==dely1ms) begin cnt<=cnt+1'd1;end	
	
end
reg[9:0]shiftL;
reg[3:0]i;

always@(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin
	if(!rstn)begin shiftL<=10'h01;i<=4'd0;end
	else begin
	case(i)//case语句循环
	4'd0:begin 
				if(cnt==9)begin i<=i+4'd1;shiftL<=10'h02;end
				 else begin shiftL<=10'h01;end
			end
	4'd1:begin
				if(cnt==9)begin i<=i+4'd1;shiftL<=10'h04;end
				 else begin shiftL<=10'h02;end
			end
	4'd2:begin
				if(cnt==9)begin i<=i+4'd1;shiftL<=10'h08;end
				  else begin shiftL<=10'h04;end
			end
	4'd3:begin
				if(cnt==9)begin i<=i+4'd1;shiftL<=10'h10;end
				  else begin shiftL<=10'h08;end
			end
	4'd4:begin
				if(cnt==9)begin i<=i+4'd1;shiftL<=10'h20;end
				  else begin shiftL<=10'h10;end
			end
	4'd5:begin
			if(cnt==9)begin i<=i+4'd1;shiftL<=10'h40;end
			  else begin shiftL<=10'h20;end
		end		
	4'd6:begin
				if(cnt==9)begin i<=i+4'd1;shiftL<=10'h80;end
				  else begin shiftL<=10'h40;end
			end
	4'd7:begin
				if(cnt==9)begin i<=i+4'd1;shiftL<=10'h100;end
				  else begin shiftL<=10'h80;end
			end
	4'd8:begin
				if(cnt==9)begin i<=i+4'd1;shiftL<=10'h200;end
				  else begin shiftL<=10'h100;end
			end
	4'd9:begin
				if(cnt==9)begin i<=4'd0;shiftL<=10'h01;end
				  else begin shiftL<=10'h200;end
			end		
	default:begin shiftL<=10'h01;i=4'd0;end
	endcase
	end
end

assign led=shiftL;
endmodule

4、方法四:case语句+连接符移位操作实现左循环右循环式跑马灯,源代码:
module Led10flash_DEO_caseLR(clk,rstn,led);
input clk,rstn;
output[9:0] led;

parameter dely=500_000;//19位,所以count为[18:0]
reg[18:0]count;
reg[3:0]cnt;

always@(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin
	if(!rstn) begin count<=18'd0;end
	else if(count==dely)begin count<=18'd0;end
	else count<=count+1'd1;
end

always@(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin
	if(!rstn) begin cnt<=3'd0;end
	else if(cnt==9) begin cnt<=3'd0;end
	else if(count==dely)begin cnt<=cnt+1'd1;end
end

reg[9:0] shiftLR;
reg[2:0] i;

//连接符移位操作实现左右循环跑
always @(posedge clk or negedge rstn)
begin
	if(!rstn)begin i<=3'd0;shiftLR<=10'h01;end
	else if(cnt==9)begin//循环
		case(i)
		3'd0:begin 
			  shiftLR<={shiftLR[8:0],shiftLR[9]}; //左移//if(cnt==9)
				if(shiftLR==10'h200) begin 
				i=3'd1;
				shiftLR<=10'h100;		//右移		
				end		
			end
		3'd1:begin
			 shiftLR<={shiftLR[0],shiftLR[9:1]};//右移	//if(cnt==9) 
				 if(shiftLR==10'h01)begin 
				i=3'd0;
				shiftLR<=10'h02;//左移
				end
			end
			default:begin i<=3'd0; shiftLR<=10'h01;end
		endcase
	end
end

assign led=shiftLR;

endmodule 

5、方法五:Moore状态机实现跑马灯,源代码:
///*******************************
//这个是在另DEO开发板上跑通的,所要注意引脚数目和引脚分配//
///******************************
module led10flash_DEO(clk,rst,led);
input clk,rst;
output[9:0] led;
reg[9:0] led;
reg[3:0] state;
reg[24:0] cnt;
reg[11:0] count;
parameter s0='d0,s1='d1,s2='d2,s3='d3,s4='d4,s5='d5,s6='d6,s7='d7,s8='d8,s9='d9,s10='d10,s11='d11;
parameter led0=8'b1111_1111,led1=8'b0000_0000,led2=8'b1000_0000,led3=8'b0100_0000,led4=8'b0010_0000,
			 led5=8'b0001_0000,led6=8'b0000_1000,led7=8'b0000_0100,led8=8'b0000_0010,led9=8'b0000_0001,
			 led10=8'b1010_1010,led11=8'b0101_0101;
parameter dely=250_000_000;//延时0.5s,25位,[24:0]
wire clk2hz;

always @(posedge clk)
begin
	if(!rst) cnt<=1'b0;
		else if(cnt==dely) cnt<=1'b0;
			else cnt<=cnt+1'b1;
end

assign clk2hz=cnt[24];



always @(posedge clk2hz  )
begin 
		if(!rst) state<=s0;
 		else if(count==11) begin count<=0;end 
//		else if(cnt==dely) begin //count<=count+1'b1;
		else 
		 case(state)
		 s0:begin if(count==0)begin count<= count+1'd1;state<=s1;end
			 end
		 s1:begin if(count==1)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s2;end
				else state<=s1;
				end
		 s2:begin if(count==2)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s3;end
				else state<=s2;
				end
		 s3:begin if(count==3)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s4;end
				else state<=s3;
				end
		 s4:begin if(count==4)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s5;end
				else state<=s4;
				end
		 s5:begin if(count==5)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s6;end
				else state<=s5;
				end
		 s6:begin if(count==6)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s7;end
				else state<=s6;
				end
		 s7:begin if(count==7)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s8;end
				else state<=s7;
				end
		 s8:begin if(count==8)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s9;end
				else state<=s8;
				end
		 s9:begin if(count==9)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s10;end
				else state<=s9;
				end
		 s10:begin if(count==10)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s11;end
				else state<=s10;
				end
		 s11:begin if(count==11)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s0;end
				else state<=s0;
				end
		default:state<=s0;
		endcase
		
end

always @(state)
begin
		case(state)
		s0:led<=led0;
		s1:led<=led1;
		s2:led<=led2;
		s3:led<=led3;
		s4:led<=led4;
		s5:led<=led5;
		s6:led<=led6;
		s7:led<=led7;
		s8:led<=led8;
		s9:led<=led9;
		s10:led<=led10;
		s11:led<=led11;
		default:led<=led0;
		endcase
end



endmodule
 

6、方法六:Mealy状态机实现跑马灯,源代码:
///在DEO开发板上已经跑通了//
module Led10flash_DEO(clk,rst,led);
input clk,rst;
output[9:0] led;
reg[9:0] led;
reg[6:0] state;
//parameter s0='d0,s1='d1,s2='d2,s3='d3,s4='d4,s5='d5,s6='d6,s7='d7,
//			 s8='d8,s9='d9,s10='d10,s11='d11,s12='d12,s13='d13,s14='d14,
//			 s15='d15,s16='d16,s17='d17,s18='d18,s19='d19,s20='d20,s21='d21,
//			 s22='d22,s23='d23,s24='d24,s25='d25,s26='d26,s27='d27,s28='d28,s29='d29;
parameter s0='d0,s1='d1,s2='d2,s3='d3,s4='d4,s5='d5,s6='d6,s7='d7,s8='d8,s9='d9,s10='d10,s11='d11,s12='d12,				s13='d13,s14='d14,s15='d15,s16='d16,s17='d17,s18='d18,s19='d19,s20='d20,s21='d21,s22='d22,s23='d23,			s24='d24,s25='d25,s26='d26,s27='d27,s28='d28,s29='d29;
parameter led0=10'b1111_1111_11,
			led1=10'b0000_0000_00,
			led2=10'b1000_0000_00,
			led3=10'b0100_0000_00,
			 led4=10'b0010_0000_00,
			 led5=10'b0001_0000_00,
			 led6=10'b0000_1000_00,
			 led7=10'b0000_0100_00,
			 led8=10'b0000_0010_00,
			 led9=10'b0000_0001_00,
			 led10=10'b1010_1010_10,
			 led11=10'b0000_0000_01,
			 led12=10'b0000_1100_00,
			 led13=10'b0001_1110_00,
			 led14=10'b0011_1111_00,
			 led15=10'b0111_1111_10,
			 led16=10'b1111_1111_11,
			 led17=10'b1000_0000_01,
		 	 led18=10'b1100_0000_11,//中间到两边
			 led19=10'b1110_0001_11,
		 	 led20=10'b1111_0011_11,
			 led21=10'b1111_1111_11,
			 led22=10'b0111_1111_10,//两边到中间
			 led23=10'b0011_1111_00,
			 led24=10'b0001_1110_00,
			 led25=10'b0000_1100_00,
			 led26=10'b0011_1111_00,
			 led27=10'b0111_1111_10,
			 led28=10'b1010_1010_10,
			 led29=10'b0101_0101_01;
//parameter dely=250_000_000;//延时0.5s,25位,[24:0]
parameter dely=25_000_000;
reg[24:0] cnt;
reg[6:0] count;
wire clk2hz;

always @(posedge clk)
begin 
	if(!rst)cnt<=1'b0;
    else if(cnt==dely) cnt<=1'b0;//延时5s,频率为0.2hz一定要计算好,计数25_000_000次,25位
		else cnt<=cnt+1;//若要分频成为4hz的时钟,则需要计数12500_000次,24位
end

assign clk2hz=cnt[24];

always @(posedge clk2hz  )
begin 
		if(!rst) state<=s0;
 		else if(count==29) begin count<=0;end 
//		else if(cnt==dely) begin //count<=count+1'b1;
		else 
		 case(state)
		 s0:begin if(count==0)begin count<= count+1'd1;state<=s1;end
			 end
		 s1:begin if(count==1)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s2;end
				else state<=s1;
				end
		 s2:begin if(count==2)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s3;end
				else state<=s2;
				end
		 s3:begin if(count==3)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s4;end
				else state<=s3;
				end
		 s4:begin if(count==4)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s5;end
				else state<=s4;
				end
		 s5:begin if(count==5)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s6;end
				else state<=s5;
				end
		 s6:begin if(count==6)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s7;end
				else state<=s6;
				end
		 s7:begin if(count==7)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s8;end
				else state<=s7;
				end
		 s8:begin if(count==8)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s9;end
				else state<=s8;
				end
		 s9:begin if(count==9)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s10;end
				else state<=s9;
				end
		 s10:begin if(count==10)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s11;end
				else state<=s10;
				end
		 s11:begin if(count==11)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s12;end
				else state<=s11;
				end
		 s12:begin if(count==12)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s13;end
				else state<=s12;
				end
			s13:begin if(count==13)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s14;end
				else state<=s13;
				end
			s14:begin if(count==14)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s15;end
				else state<=s14;
				end
			s15:begin if(count==15)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s16;end
				else state<=s15;
				end
			s16:begin if(count==16)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s17;end
				else state<=s16;
				end
			s17:begin if(count==17)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s18;end
				else state<=s17;
				end
			s18:begin if(count==18)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s19;end
				else state<=s18;
				end
			s19:begin if(count==19)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s20;end
				else state<=s19;
				end
			s20:begin if(count==20)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s21;end
				else state<=s20;
				end
			s21:begin if(count==21)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s22;end
				else state<=s21;
				end
			s22:begin if(count==22)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s23;end
				else state<=s22;
				end
			s23:begin if(count==23)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s24;end
				else state<=s23;
				end
			s24:begin if(count==24)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s25;end
				else state<=s24;
				end
			s25:begin if(count==25)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s26;end
				else state<=s25;
				end
			s26:begin if(count==26)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s27;end
				else state<=s26;
				end
			s27:begin if(count==27)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s28;end
				else state<=s27;
				end
			s28:begin if(count==28)begin count<= count+1'd1; state<=s29;end
				else state<=s28;
				end			
			s29:begin if(count==29)begin count<= 0;state<=s0;end	//可以直接begin count<=0;state<=s0;end
				else begin state<=s0;count<=0;end
				end	
		default:begin state<=s0;end	
		endcase
		
end
always @(state)
begin
		case(state)
		s0:led<=led0;
		s1:led<=led1;
		s2:led<=led2;
		s3:led<=led3;
		s4:led<=led4;
		s5:led<=led5;
		s6:led<=led6;
		s7:led<=led7;
		s8:led<=led8;
		s9:led<=led9;
		s10:led<=led10;
		s11:led<=led11;
		s12:led<=led12;
		s13:led<=led13;
		s14:led<=led14;
		s15:led<=led15;
		s16:led<=led16;
		s17:led<=led17;
		s18:led<=led18;
		s19:led<=led19;
		s20:led<=led20;
		s21:led<=led21;
		s22:led<=led22;
		s23:led<=led23;
		s24:led<=led24;
		s25:led<=led25;
		s26:led<=led26;
		s27:led<=led27;
		s28:led<=led28;
		s29:led<=led29;
		default:led<=led0;
		endcase
end
endmodule


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